Emergents

Plants that grow above the water in shallow areas of ponds, lakes, and rivers or in saturated soils.  These plants are generally rigid and are not dependent on water for support. 

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Arrowhead -this plant is named after its bold and distinctive arrow shaped leaves.  White apple blossom-like flowers sometimes present on long arching stems.Bulrush-Long, tall, triangular or round-shaped stem which may or may not have leaves.  Cluster of brownish flowers and seeds are located at the end of the stem.  Commonly found in shallow water along shorelines.Cattails have a long, slender, grass-like stalks up to 10 feet in height.  Commonly found in lowlands and water up to 4 feet deep.
Pickerelweed has heart-shaped leaves with curving veins parallel to the leaf margin.  Flowers are violet-blue and clusters at the top of plant.  Plants can grow up to 4 feet tall.Phragmites is extremely invasive and ranges from 6 to 15 feet in height.  The plant spreads horizontally by sending out rhizome runners that can grow 10  feet  or more in a single growing season.  Phragmites has a distinctive purple-brown seed head with plumes appearing in late July.  Purple Loosestrife is extremely aggressive wetland plant with a prolific seed production (up to 300,000 seeds per plant stalk). Plant stems are 2 to 7 feet high.  Leaves are arranged oppositely on the stem.  Flowers are bright purplish-pink on a spike closely attached to the stem.
This plant is usually found in shallow water (less than 3 feet deep) along the edges of rivers, streams, ponds, lakes, and marshes. It does not do well in fast-moving water.  Wild Rice flowers in mid-July and August. Flowers are tiny and grow on spikelet's. They are usually white or purple.
Arrowhead
Sagittaria lancifolia
Bulrush
Scirpus spp
Cattail
Typha latifolia
Phragmites
Phragmites australis
Pickerelweed
Pontederia cordata

Non-Native Wild Rice
Zizania aquatica var. angustifolia
Purple Loosestrife
Lythrum salicaria
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